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Geographical Facts

Mountains and valleys

Mountains and valleys are the main components of the relief of Kyrgyzstan. Mountains cover more than ¾ of the country. On their tops there are more than 8,000 glaciers which are important sources of fresh water. In Kyrgyzstan there are two massive mountain ranges: the Tien-Shan and Pamir-Alai.

Water points

Water resources of Kyrgyzstan are invaluable. There are more than 40,000 large and small rivers. They rapidly flow among mountains and falling down from steep rocks, they form hundreds of beautiful waterfalls. The most powerful and longest river Naryn is 535 km long. Lakes in Kyrgyzstan are unique and remarkably beautiful. There are more than 2,000 of lakes, and most of them are located in the highlands. Kyrgyzstan is also widely known for its hydropower potential. There are 34 water reservoirs and 17 hydropower stations.

National parks and reserves

Protected Objects of Nature help to preserve the unique natural landscapes of Kyrgyzstan in their original form. In order to save wonderful natural landscapes, flora and fauna of the country there were created 6 reserves, 2 biosphere reserves protected by UNESCO and 75 national parks.

Cities, towns and villages

You can get acquainted with the life and culture of the Kyrgyz people in the settlements located in different regions. In the country there are a few cities and large towns. They are the capital of the country and most of the regional centers. There you can see architectural masterpieces of the Soviet era and buildings of modern style as well. In an extraordinary way industrial zones, cultural facilities and residential communities are combined there. Villages located away from the city also have their advantages. They are situated in an ecologically clean regions where people are engaged in agriculture and still try to keep the traditions of the ancient times.


The long history of Kyrgyzstan conceals many secrets. Making a visit to numerous monuments and architectural buildings of antiquity and the Middle Ages, perfectly preserved in various parts of the country, will surely help to solve all mysteries. Museums, fortresses, mausoleums and mosques are just a few of the attractions that are worth a visit.
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