General Information

The Kyrgyz Republic is a country located in the north-eastern part of Central Asia. It borders with Kazakhstan in the north, with Uzbekistan in the west, with Tajikistan in the south-west, with China in the east and south-east.

Total area: 199,900 km2

Length of state border: 4,503 km

Capital: Bishkek

Languages: national language is Kyrgyz, official language is Russian.

Administrative division: 7 regions, 40 administrative districts, 22 cities and towns, 429 rural municipalities

Largest cities: Bishkek, Osh, Jalal-Abad, Karakol

Population: 5.6 million people

Population density: 29 people/km²

Ethnic groups: Kyrgyz people 72%, Uzbeks 14.3%, Russians 6.9%, other 6.8%

Time: + 6 hours from Greenwich time (GMT + 06:00)

Currency: Kyrgyz som (KGS)

Telephone code: +996

Domain name: kg

Geographical information:

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country. More than ¾ of the country is mountainous. The highest point is Pobeda Peak (7439 m). The lowest point of Kyrgyzstan is located in Batken region, at an altitude of 401 m above sea level. The average altitude of the country is about 2750 m.

Throughout the country there are two major mountain systems. They are Tien-Shan in the north-east and Pamir-Alay in the south-west. In Kyrgyzstan there are 40,000 large and small rivers, over 2,000 lakes, 8,000 glaciers.

Climate:

Most of the country is located in the temperate climate zone, the southern regions are in the zone of subtropical climate. In general, the climate is continental, but in Issyk-Kul region it’s close marine climate. The average January temperature is between -4°C and -14°C, the average July temperature is between +17°C and +38°C.